Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not. After all, group selection sounds like a reasonable extension of evolutionary theory and a plausible explanation of the social nature of humans. Also, the group selectionists tend to declare victory, and write as if their theory has already superseded a narrow, reductionist dogma that selection acts only at the level of genes. In this essay, I'll explain why I think that this reasonableness is an illusion.
This novel may be viewed as an allegory that vividly depicts human society and the complexity of relations of an individual and society. It is necessary to underline that throughout the entire book the main character Pi suffers from solitude and miscomprehension.
In fact, he rest alone wherever he is, whether it is a densely populated city or a deserted island.
In such a way, the author apparently attempts to depict the theme of the solitude of an individual in society and the unsurpassable barriers that exist between an individual and society.
It should be pointed out that the boy did his best to get socialized and be accepted by the society. It is worthy of noting that tends to traditional humanistic values and attempt to find really positive implications in human society.
This is probably why, being a boy, he cannot choose the religion which he prefers the most or which is closer to his own vision of the world. As a result, he equally sticks to Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
At this point, it is important to underline that it is probably the first time in his life Pi faces the necessity to make an uneasy choice since human society cannot accept such poly-religious attitude to the human life and surrounding world.
In such a way, the society tends to impose certain boundaries on Pi not only in physical terms but in spiritual as well. It should be said that such diversity in his religious and philosophical views are unwelcome in society.
Thus, it is obvious that if his own father cannot accept his views than the society will not for sure and, in actuality, the boy, being different from others, turns to be in a kind of isolation from the society. He is not accepted by peers who are mocking at his name and it seems as if Pi spends more time with animals in the zoo than with people.
In this respect, it is necessary to underline that the author skillfully depicts an allegoric image of a zoo which rather resembles human society. It should be said that from the early childhood the boy is taught about the predatory nature of animals living in the zoo who are extremely violent if they are not controlled or bound by some limits.
It seems as if the author compares animal and human nature and sees no substantial difference. In fact, he directly compares animals to humans when he compares the zoo to the hotel: In fact, the main character turns to be a strange dreamy boy who is more interested in reading books than in communication with his peers and other people.
Naturally, the boy with such strange views cannot be accepted in the society, though, in actuality, Pie turns to be able to understand the predatory essence of human beings and their social relationships where humanistic ideals are only declarative while, in the real life, the world of humans is full of evil.
Symbolically, it is the skeptical father of the boy who eventually realizes that the life in India is unbearable for him and his family and that the pressure of the Indian society forces him to leave his motherland. At the same time, it seems as if he has not yet fully understood the truth his sun has already known, notably, that human society can hardly be different in another country since human nature is unchangeable.
At this point the second and probably the most substantial part of the book begins.
The main characters set into the journey to the new country but in the result of the disaster all people aboard have died and he is the only human survivor along with a zebra, a hyena, an orangutan, and a huge Bengal tiger, named Richard Parker.
They share the same lifeboat and this strange community seems to be an allegoric depiction of human society where the stronger kills the weaker. At the same time, it is important to underline that such relationships inevitably affects even such a humanistic and independent individual as Pi.
It seems to be quite symbolic that, being initially a vegetarian, the boy transforms in a being that readily devours anything even remotely edible:Yahoo Lifestyle is your source for style, beauty, and wellness, including health, inspiring stories, and the latest fashion trends.
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"Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness" is a well-known phrase in the United States Declaration of Independence. The phrase gives three examples of the "unalienable rights" which the Declaration says have been given to all humans by their creator.
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sales of billion euros ($ billion) for itsfiscal year to June 30, up percent and in line. In Yann Martel’s surreal novel, ‘Life of Pi’, views the measure of how an individual uses their intrinsic knowledge to face up to life’s riveting challenges. Martel portrays the protagonist, Pi Patel, as an individual who explores his own intrinsic identity through imagination, religion & faith as well as the fundamental difference between fact and fiction.