Introduction The purpose of this article is to illustrate the use of qualitative data analysis software QDAS as a research tool in implementing qualitative content analysis. The article offers a detailed description of QDAS applied to the analysis of international press coverage of a country's environmental performance linked to carbon emissions. Thus, while software-assisted qualitative content analysis of news articles is at the center of the approach suggested here, we include the steps prior to and following the actual analysis and coding, as they form a crucial part of the overall research process. The study followed the argumentation that, as calls for environmental responsibility are growing louder, the global competitiveness of nations and places increasingly depends on their ability to convince audiences both domestic and overseas of their environmental credentials and integrity.
Contextualization[ edit ] Comparative media system research[ edit ] The field of comparative media system research has a long tradition reaching back to the study Four Theories of the Press by Siebert, Peterson and Schramm from This book was the origin of the academic debate on comparing and classifying media systems,  whereas it was normatively biased  and strongly influenced by the ideologies of the Cold War era.
Comparative media system research has been subject to several changes since its establishment. Another trend is that researchers factor in political systems more intensively to explain and compare media systems. A more fundamental development is the shift from normative to empirically based approaches.
There are still problems of comparative media studies in various countries which must be faced. The validity of the country sampling procedure is one problem, beside the adequate definition of the scope of the comparison to meet the specific national features of the cases, and the definition of adequate indicators as the basis for the comparison.
The comparative design is a bridge between traditional and nation-centered studies of media systems and new media as well as globalization perspectives.
According to this heuristic, the approach from Hallin and Mancini can be identified and localized as one specific combination of the components along these three dimensions of analysis.
Their perspective of analysis is focused on a systematic comparison of media systems within Western democracies.
Consequently, their level of analysis concentrates on media systems within the context of nation states. Their main objectives are media-politics relations primarily on the level of structures, but in addition to it, they consider all objects of analysis to gain an encompassing understanding of these relations.
Objectives[ edit ] Developing a unifying conceptual framework for comparing media systems was essential for Hallin and Mancini. They focused on theory building rather than testing theories, as the then prevailing Four Theories of the Press and its subsequent normative modifications showed deficiencies in adequately analyzing present media systems.
Following this design, they conceptualized dimensions containing particular variables to analyze similarities and differences between the 18 countries under study. Since the dimensions and the resulting models cover specifically the media-politics relations of the Western world, Hallin and Mancini do not claim universal validity of their framework.
Hence, it must be reconceptualized to meet the specific conditions of media-politics relations beyond the Western world. According to specific constellations of the variables within these dimensions, Hallin and Mancini conceptualized the three models of media and politics.
The authors highlight several variables which can be used to describe the characteristics of press systems: They have to be assessed empirically for every new case under study. They took relevant concepts from the literatures on comparative politics and political sociology to gain a better understanding of the political influences on the development of media systems.
The resulting dimensions are presented as dichotomiesbut they are just poles on a continuum. The first dimension is the role of the state.
The main difference between these two categories is the interventional activity of the state e. This difference takes shape in the relative importance of private business or social institutions within the political system in question.
A further important dichotomic dimension is labeled consensus vs. Furthermore, the Cabinet predominantly influences political decision processes.Furthermore, particularly in news media, but also in media in general, deadlines mitigate the contemplative control of management, and to a degree, the editors.
By the time a piece lands at the desk of an editor, it is usually already too late to try to micromanage the content. P Mass Media: The Image, Role, and Social Conditions of Women A collection and analysis of research materials bY Mieke Ceulemans Guido Fauconnier of the Department of Communication Science Catholic University of Leuven.
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A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF NEWS MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE MAPPLETHORPE AND BROOKLYN MUSEUM ART CONTROVERSIES By AMY L. HOLOWCZENKO A paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the Master of Science degree in Communication & Media . news media. Using a content analysis, I investigated the content of news media articles that have been used to describe the people involved in sex trafficking.
the United Nations Security Council on Feb. 5, Ethnographic content analysis is used to examine the coverage and to consider each outlet’s broad institutional context.