An introduction to the political function of koenkai in japanese politics

The Imperial Palace in Tokyo is the primary residence of the Emperor. The Constitution of Japan defines the Emperor [2] to be "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people".

An introduction to the political function of koenkai in japanese politics

Political Role of the Emperor Q: What is a Koenkai? Japanese politicians at the local and national level seek to cultivate their own constituent support groups, or koenkai. As campaign finance laws have gradually eroded political parties' influence over electoral outcomes, koenkai have emerged as the most effective way for politicians to engage in year-round campaigning.

Koenkai - Wikipedia

Each politician's koenkai serves as a loyal support base during elections, assisting with the organization of get-out-the-vote efforts and providing crucial financial backing. In return for this support, politicians provide their koenkai members with various services, such as monthly newsletters, photo opportunities, and group social activities.

An introduction to the political function of koenkai in japanese politics

What are the political party breakdowns in the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors? For frequently updated figures, you may wish to visit the House of Representatives and House of Councillors websites.

What does the Japanese term "Nagatacho no ronri " mean? Political pundits and voters alike often refer to the Diet's legislative procedures and political wrangling as "Nagatacho no ronri ," or "the logic of Nagatacho.

To the average citizen, this unique logic appears disconnected from everyday life and operates under an unwritten, incomprehensible set of rules.

An introduction to the political function of koenkai in japanese politics

Similarly, Americans frequently speak of political operatives in Washington, D. How does the Japanese election system work?

Policy and structure

House of Representatives HR: Although the HR's four hundred and eighty members are elected to a four-year term of office, the Prime Minister can dissolve the HR and call for an election at any time.

Three hundred members of the HR are elected based on a single-seat system i. The remaining one hundred and eighty members are drawn from a proportional system in which eleven multi-seat electoral blocks produce between six to thirty members based on population.

Voters cast two ballots: The political party vote is used to determine the election outcome in each proportional representation district. Prior to the election, parties submit a ranked list of candidates to each of the eleven proportional representation districts.

If a particular proportional representation district elects thirty members, and the Liberal Democratic Party LDP wins eighty-percent of the vote, then the LDP receives twenty-four seats i. House of Councillors HC: Half of the HC's two hundred and forty-seven members are elected to a six-year term every three years.

Unlike the HR, the HC cannot be dissolved.

One hundred and forty-seven members come from one of forty-seven constituencies that elect six to eight members based on population. The remaining one hundred members are drawn from a single nationwide district based on the proportional representation system.

Again, voters cast two ballots: On the constituency ballot, voters select an individual candidate. If a particular constituency holds six seats based on its population, then the top-six vote-earners are elected.Until the introduction of public funding for political parties and the simultaneous restriction of corporate funds benefiting individual politicians in , Diet members drew the majority of their revenue from corporations and interest groups.

Koenkai remained particularly important in the overrepresented rural areas, where paternalistic, old-style politics flourished and where the LDP, despite disaffection during the late s over agricultural liberalization policies, had its strongest support.

To avoid the stringent legal restrictions on political activity outside of designated campaign times, koenkai sponsor year-round cultural, social, and "educational" activities.

In the prewar years, having an invincible, or "iron," constituency depended on gaining the support of landlords and other local notables. These people delivered blocks of rural . INTRODUCTION. Unlike the American political system [] and the British political system [] which essentially have existed in their current form for centuries, the present Japanese political system is a much more recent construct dating from Japan's defeat in the Second World War and its subsequent occupation by the United post-war constitution of is an anti-militarist document.

The politics of Japan are conducted in a framework of a multi-party bicameral parliamentary representative democratic Summary of the 30 August Japanese House of See also: Industrial policy of Japan; Monetary and fiscal policy of Japan; Mass media and politics in Japan.

Post-war political. Introduction to Japanese Politics, now in its fully updated sixth edition, is a comprehensive and current review of political and public policy developments in Japan. Since the previous edition, Japan’s economic policy has undergone significant change with a prolonged period of deflation having altered the dynamics of the Japanese economy.

Liberal-Democratic Party of Japan | political party, Japan |