Essays in industrial organizational and technological change

It followed on from the First Industrial Revolution that began in Britain in the late 18th century that then spread throughout Western Europe and North America. It was characterized by the build out of railroadslarge-scale iron and steel production, widespread use of machinery in manufacturing, greatly increased use of steam power, widespread use of the telegraphuse of petroleum and the beginning of electrification.

Essays in industrial organizational and technological change

External environment consists of all outside institutions and forces that have an actual or potential interest or impact on the organization's ability to achieve its objectives. The environment that influences the organization includes competitors, resources, technology and also economic conditions.

Competitors are the other organizations which operate in the same field and share the same customers group. After the industrial revolution technology became an important factor for the organizations.

Technology brought the effectiveness to the industries. In modern technology is used also for management to bring the better organizational environment. External environment can be conceptualized as having two layers surrounding the organizations which are general environment and task environment.

In an organizational setting, this means employees, peers, and managers will resist administrative and technological changes that result in their role being eliminated or reduced. From their perspective, your change is harmful to their place in the organization! Jun 07,  · FACTORS THAT DRIVE ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE 1 FACTORS THAT DRIVE ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE 4 Factors That Drive Organizational Change MGT/ August 5, Factors That Drive Organizational Change Organizational change is defined as change that has an impact on the way work is performed and has a significant effect on staff. Organizational change is pervasive today, as organizations struggle to adapt or face decline in the volatile environments of a global economic and political world. The many potent forces in these environments—competition, technological innovations, professionalism, and demographics, to name a .

General environment is widely dispersed and affects organizations indirectly. General environment are the factors and conditions such as economic, social and demographic that generally affect everyone in an industry or market in more or less similar manner.

General environment represents the outer layer of the environment and will influenced the organization over time, but often is not involved in day-to —day operations. This is because changes take time to happen.

The dimensions of general environment include international, technological, socio-cultural, economic and legal-political. International dimension provides new to customers, competitors and also suppliers.

International dimension will shapes social trends, technological trends and economic trends.

Outside Resources

Technological dimension has an impact on competition, relationship with customers, medical advances ad also nanotechnology advances. Dimension of the general environment are demographic, norms, customs and values of the population within which the organization operates.

The important of socio-cultural characteristic are geographical distribution and population density, age and education levels. Economic dimension include the consumer purchasing power, unemployment rate and interest rate.

As the consumer purchasing power decrease, it will then lead to the increase in inflation. Legal-political dimension includes federal, state, local government regulations and also political activities that designed to influence company behavior. Government regulations influence organizations through product safety requirements, import and export restrictions and also the information and labeling requirements.

Task environment includes sectors with which the organization interacts directly and that have a direct impact on the organization's ability to achieve its goals.

Task environment includes competitors, customers, and suppliers. Task environment will affect the organization directly and this will influenced operations and performances.

Task environment is the layer.Related research: A study in the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, “A History of Social Psychological Reactions to New Technology,” examines workers’ reactions to technological change and its potential consequences, including unsatisfactory working conditions and job displacement.

Feb 25,  · Rapid changes in technology have affected businesses in more ways than we can count, from globalization and organizational adjustments to a . Technological capability is closely related to capability in R&D.

Economic change, including technological change, is an evolutionary process. Much technological change is cumulative within firms, and within regions and nations. The Sources of Military Change: Culture, Politics, Technology (Making Sense of Global Security) [Theo Farrell, Terry Terriff] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Considering only military change that has major implications for organizational strategy and structure. Managing organizational changes is an important task to an organization and it is with this reason that it is entrusted to the personnel at the executive level of an organization.

More also, in most cases organizational changes have a direct impact to the net income of an organization.


"Technology, Ideology, and Social Transformation: The Case of Computerization and Work Organization" by R. Kling, and M.

Essays in industrial organizational and technological change

Zmuidzinas. Revue Internationale de Sociologie, , The Time Bind by A. Hochschild.

The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation? - ScienceDirect